Different types of light I’ve used in previous tasks
- Under light
- House hold lights flickering
- Light from technology such as a phone
- The use of reflectors
- Natural light
- Torch light
Problems I’ve faced in previous tasks
- It being too light outside which meant needed to wait until it was dark so the natural light coming through the window would help to set the scene
- Natural light is not consistent, meaning each shot looks slightly different
- It was too dark outside to clearly see the character behind the window, needed to use an under light for her to be visible
Uses of light
-> To guide our attention
-> For texture and shape
4 types of filmic lighting
Hard – clearly defined shadow showing light and dark areas
Soft – diffused illumination, soft shadows, indirect or indistinct lighting
- Frontal light
- Side light
- Back light
- Under light
- Top light
Lighting (no date) Lawler. A
-> Artificial: This includes bulbs, glow sticks, diodes and other man made light sources.Example of artificial lighting from Skyfall
Glamourous Bérénice Marlohe scene in 007 Skyfall 2012 (2015)
-> Natural – This includes sunlight, moonlight, fire and other types of natural lighting. Example of natural lighting from The Revenant
-> Apparent colour – colour as observed by human eyes
-> Colour temperature – colour based on equivalent temperature against a black background; represented in degrees of kelvins
Understanding light (lights, color, and clarity: Preparing your titles) (motion graphic Titling) part 1 (no date)
3 point lighting
The most basic professional lighting set up. incorporates the essential light sources and directions while allowing for expansion and experimentation. It provides the foundation for setups that may include from 4 up to 100 lights. It creates an illusion of reality for the camera as in real life there is only usually one or two light sources.
3 Point Lighting Practical Task
Key light on subjects face
In this image the key light was placed to the right hand side of the subject allowing a small shadow to cast over the left side of her face. We decided to use a black background to that the subject would stand out. As we did not use a reflector or back light it allows the subject to look well lit and out of all three images this one came out as the brightest.
Fill and backlight on subject
The overall effect of using a fill light and backlight was fairly dark and only a small portion of the subject is lit up which is her hair and a small part of her face on the right hand side as this is where the fill light was positioned. It is clear a backlight has been used as you can clearly see the outline of the subject, however for this to stand out more we could have turned up the brightness of the backlight.
Reflector and key light on subject
Through adding a fill light into the set up we were able to create much more defined shadows and through placing this to the left of the subject it brightened up this side of her face well while casting an obvious shadow over her right side. I think that the reason for the right side of her face being so well lit is because we also used a white reflector to add extra light and creating a clearer contrast between the light and shadow.
Natural light used as backlight
In this image we used the natural light coming from the sun in the background to light the subject from behind. I think this worked well as it allows the subject’s silhouette to stand out as she is not as well lit, while still showing some detailing and being able to see the expression on her face.
Key light on subject
In this image the subject is well lit through the use of the key light which allows us to clearly see the detailing on the subjects face along with the subtle shadowing that is created by the key light being placed to the left of the subject.
Natural backlight , key light and fill light on subject
We decided to use all 3 components of 3-point lighting for this image to see the effect it would create with a natural backlight. Personally I thought that this lighting set up would be more powerfully and the subject would be more lit and would seem brighter due to their being a key and fill light on her. This suggests that the natural backlight could have been too intense and the brightness could have over-powered the other lights leaving the subject to still look slightly darker. If I was to re-create this image I may decided to add an extra fill light allowing the subject to seem brighter and stand out more in comparison to the bright sky.
Social Media Analysis
When we were asked to set up social media accounts to promote our work I decided to make a Twitter and an Instagram account as these are platforms I am comfortable and have experience using. During the past week I have not received a great amount of feedback, however as it has not been long since I created the accounts I did not expect to receive a lot. I think another reason as to why I did not receive a lot of feedback could be because I haven’t followed that many people yet. That is now my current aim for improving my social media accounts and I will follow more media related celebrities and fellow students in my class to help gain a bigger audience. The first thing I decided to post on my Twitter was a link to the hello project we recently created as this was the first short film we made through the college. The tweet got 2 RTs and 1 favourite which shows some positive activity however I feel that if I had used hashtags relating to the tweet such as #shortfilm more people may have had the accessibility to see it. The first post on my instagram was a behind the scenes photo from when I helped my friend film her Hello Project. This got three likes and one comment which I was happy with. Overall I think I should have posted more photos on my Instagram so that I had more chance of people finding my page and following me, however I will aim to post more in the future. I also decided it would be a good idea to put my twitter username in my Instagram bio so that people will be able to easily find my Twitter if they like my instagram page. I also put a link to my hello project as you are unable to put links directly on instagram posts.
Visual Task – Lighting Analysis
This image from the film The Great Gatsby uses natural lighting to portray a gloomy mood and reflect the fact that the town is run down. In the scene the sky looks very dull which could have been created by using low key natural lighting such as filming just before it was getting dark. The dull lighting also juxtaposes with Gatsby’s bright yellow car and allows it to stand out in the scene and emphasise the character’s wealth in comparison to the run down town that his rival character lives in. The low key lighting also creates a desolate tone which reflects how the character living there is alone. Although the lighting is low, it is not completely dark outside which helps to empathises the black smoke coming out of the building, again presenting the town to be dirty and a place for the poor character’s in the film. This then helps to create the perception that the smoke is making the town look grey which is why the director of photography would have deliberately chosen the lighting to be this way. Due to the contrast of colours in the image it would be suggested that the footage was edited in post production and the yellow colour of the car and the green from the garage would have been enhanced allowing the background to seem even more gloomy and dull. No artificial lights would have been needed in the scene and the lighting could be described as harsh as the high contract colours stand out from the dull background, although the whole scene still carries a grey undertone which could be seen as soft to look at.
I decided to use this image from the film Vertigo to analyse as I loved the use of lighting to present certain colours which reflect emotions. Both green and red tints are visible in this image, however it is the green light that is cast over the character making her look ominous. The green colours help to present the romantic envy and control the male character feels towards her. The hints of red could be seen to mean danger and a warning that something isn’t right, or could portray the love the character feels for him which is why she has stayed with him despite the obsession. The positioning of the lights also means that a prominent shadow is cast of the character, which not only adds to the eeriness of the image but is also reflective of the storyline and the character pretending to be two different people, which is why I believe the director of cinematography would have deliberately positioned the lights to create this. The fact that the shadow is cast onto the right side of the character also suggests that the key light was placed to the left of the character which is why the left of the character is more lit and the right side is slightly shadowed. This part of the scene is also when the character becomes the idealised image the male character wanted her to be so the mixture of different colours help to show the mix of emotions the character’s are feeling. The colour manipulation may have been created by using green and red filters on the lights being used for filming, however as the light is so poignant it is likely that colour correction could have been added in the editing process through increasing the saturation. As the rest of the scene is only slightly lit it could be suggested that only one key light was used and this could also be why the image has a slightly grainy effect.
I decided to chose this image from the film Atonement to recreate as I thought it would be interesting to find out how I could create the effect of a small amount of light shining through a door onto someone. It is also a key moment in the scene in which the young character sees something she shouldn’t and the way she perceives this changes the whole outcome of the character’s lives. I think the lighting compliments this scene well as the light shining through the door signifies the fact that she is spying on the other characters and is watching them when she shouldn’t be. The light also emphases the character’s white dress which is portraying her innocence while the dark background symbolises the darkness surrounding her in her life.
I originally planned to use artificial light by having my character standing in a dark room and shinning a key light through the door to create a stripe of light onto the character. However, as there was a large amount of other people filming in the room I was unable to do this as people would need to get in and out of the room without me blocking the entrance. I then decided it may be a good idea to use something like cardboard to block out the light and create this effect. I set up both a key light and a fill light to ensure the photo would be well lit and deliberately chose a black background so ensure the rest of the photo was in darkness. I tried using the barn doors on my key light to block out the light by pushing them together to create a small line in which the light was projecting out of, however this did not block out enough light to create the effect of lighting coming out of a door so I decided to use two reflectors and got my team mates to hold them up in front of the key light, one on either side to block the light. This meant that only a stripe of light was shining onto my subject therefore creating the same perception as the image from Atonement of light shining through a door. The image below shows part of the process I went through to creating the photo and how other artificial lights around the room effected the outcome of the photo which mean I needed complete darkness for the photo to look how it does in the first image. the photo also shows how it took time to create the gap of light and it was hard to find the right positioning of the two reflectors blocking the light. The image was also before I changed from a white curtain background to a black one and as you can see the white background makes the photo a lot lighter and doesn’t help to create the effect of a dark room as the black background does.
Brown, B. (2016) Lighting 101: A quick guide for lighting film. Available at: https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/basic-light-placements/ (Accessed: 25 January 2017).
Lighting Lawler. A (no date) Available at: http://studyfilm.weebly.com/lighting.html (Accessed: 25 January 2017).
Glamourous Bérénice Marlohe scene in 007 Skyfall 2012 (2015) Available at: http://www.magic4walls.com/wallpaper/glamourous-berenice-marlohe-scene-in-007-skyfall-2012-35361.html (Accessed: 25 January 2017).
‘The Revenant’ was shot almost entirely with natural light (2015) Available at: https://petapixel.com/2015/12/21/the-revenant-was-shot-almost-entirely-with-natural-light/ (Accessed: 25 January 2017). In-line Citation:(‘The Revenant’ was shot almost entirely with natural light, 2015)
George Wilson’s garage (no date) Wikia Available at: http://thegreatgatsby.wikia.com/wiki/George_Wilson’s_garage (Accessed: 25 January 2017)
Lighting (2009) Pinterest Available at: https://uk.pinterest.com/pin/471541023465811500/ (Accessed: 25 January 2017).
Understanding light (lights, color, and clarity: Preparing your titles) (motion graphic Titling) part 1 (no date) Available at: http://what-when-how.com/motion-graphic-titling-for-filmvideo-and-the-web/understanding-light-lightscolorand-clarity-preparing-your-titles-motion-graphic-titling-part-1/ (Accessed: 29 January 2017).
Understanding light (lights, color, and clarity: Preparing your titles) (motion graphic Titling) part 1 (no date) Available at: http://what-when-how.com/motion-graphic-titling-for-filmvideo-and-the-web/understanding-light-lightscolorand-clarity-preparing-your-titles-motion-graphic-titling-part-1/ (Accessed: 6 February 2017).