Editing Research Plan:
Primary Research Plan:
- Try out filming and editing one of the editing techniques I have research myself
Secondary Research Plan:
As part of my secondary research I will be looking at:
- The most common editing techniques used in film and a description
- Examples of these techniques in film
Secondary Research – Editing Techniques:
This is through editing one shot will cuts to another shot that matches the action or composition of the one before. In this example from ‘2001 A Space Odyyssey’ you can see that the shot of the bone being thrown in the air cuts to a shot of a more advanced weapon with the exact same composition which helps to link the two shots together. Both objects occupy the same place on screen which offers a smooth transition between both shots.
Cross cutting is an editing technique to establish two different pieces of action happening at the same time in different locations. The technique is usually used to portray phone conversations as shown in this clip from the film ‘The Departed’ (2006). The editing goes back and forth between each character both carrying out similar actions of being on the phone and then staring at then starring at the phone and thinking after it has happened. The use of this technique helps to link the two characters lives together and helps the audience to make a connection between them both while building tension on what will happen next.
This type of editing technique creates the effect of moving forward in time. For example the jump cuts used in the editing of this clip from the film ‘Little Shop of Horrors’ (1986) gives the effect of time going slowly as nothing is happening, yet the jump cuts show them all moving from where they are sitting or standing in this scene showing that time has passed buy they are bored.
Split Edit (L-Cut)
This technique is an editing transition of one shot to another where the audio and video happen at different times. In the scene below from the film ‘Ferris Beuler’s Day Off'(1986) a L-cut is used to move us from one scene to the other while the story still making scene and being linked together. The dialogue from the teacher taking a register inside the class room carries over into the next shot of the boy being in bed to emphasise the fact that he’s not at school.
A cut away shot is the interruption of a continuous shot by inserting a view of something else relevant to the scene which then usually goes back to the first shot. This example from the film ‘It’s A Wonderful Life’ (1946) shows two people talking together about the moon, then cuts to a view of the moon then back at the characters talking. This editing technique is usually used to give more information, for example in this clip it gives the audience a more visual understanding of what the characters can see.
I decided to try out one of the editing techniques myself and made a short clip showing a jump cut. The editing was very simple as the whole purpose of this technique is to make the clips look as if they are jumping from one to the next so I did not need to add any extra transition effects and could use a simple editing software to create it. I decided to just film my sister sitting on the sofa in three different positions to create the sense that because she is bored time is going by slowly.
Joe Boyd (2010) 2001 A space odyssey – match cut. Available at: https://youtu.be/mI3s5fA7Zhk (Accessed: 18 November 2016).
T.R. Castillo (2015) Departed cell phone scene. Available at: https://youtu.be/xds1NklC-Gs (Accessed: 18 November 2016).
Deltona HS Wolf TV – Official (2016) Jump cut example. Available at: https://youtu.be/wH4cNrUB4ss (Accessed: 18 November 2016).
PorterCoCareerCenter (2013) Split edit example – ferris Bueller’s day off. Available at: https://youtu.be/p1KPVTxsEeg (Accessed: 18 November 2016).
Liberty Films (2012) ‘What do you what? Do you want the moon?’ (from ‘it’s a wonderful life’ 1946). Available at: https://youtu.be/De-vkmIFKNA (Accessed: 18 November 2016).
Slideshare (2013) ‘editing techniques’. Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/kscraps88/editing-techniques-15915736 (Accessed: 20 November 2016).