Editing with Avid
At first I found learning to edit with Avid fairly confusing as I had never before used a complex editing software, however one thing that helped me the most when learning was this Avid keyboard chart which shows what the different keys mean when it comes to editing.
The main keyboard short cuts that we learned about this week were:
I – I is used as a mark in key, meaning you can mark an in point in a clip in which you want that clip to start.
O – This is used as a mark out key and is similar to the I key however is used to mark a clip in the video in which you want it to end
L– This key will simply allow you to play the clip forward
K – This can allow you to pause the clip while it is playing
J – This key allows you to play the clip backwards in reverse
The arrow keys – The left and right arrow keys are used to play the video forwards or backwards but one frame at a time meaning you can watch the clip play very slowly to look at the same details
V – This key allows you to place a clip from your bin in the editing panel wherever you want it to go ready to edit
B – This key is similar to V however when you place the clip into the editing panel it will overwrite and replace whichever clip was there before
Step by step guide of setting up and editing with Avid
1. The first step is creating a new project. Although it doesn’t really matter which you pick I made my project external, however if you were working on a project on your own you may want to set it as private. You then need to save your project to your computer and give it a name so you know which project it is when you come back to edit it.
2. After that you will need to decide what format you want to save your project in. For mine I chose to save it in 25p PAL. Which ever format you save it under whether its PAL or NTSC it will determine the frame rate of the video, however both use a high enough frame rate to give the video a fluid motion.
3. Once you have set up the editing screen will appear and you will be able to import your video and audio clips. Before doing this however you need to create bins that you will keep your clips in. I created one bin for video clips and another for audio so I could easily find where everything is. Bins are just another name for folders in Avid and to create one all you need to do is select bins then new bin then name the ones you make.
4. Once the bins have been made you will want to select the bin you want to place your clips in, then go to file and import all the media into its correct bin. This may take a while to import but once you have the video and audio in the bins you can start editing.
5. To start editing select a clip that you want and copy it through pressing V to add it to the timeline. The audio can be added also by doing this or dragging it onto the timeline. As we only used one song for our edit the main focus was on the video and choosing which clips to use and in which order. The ‘I’ and ‘O’ key can be used to put in-points and outpoints in each clip so you can decide how much of the clip you want in the edit.
6. The next step for me was using effects to make the video look and flow better, however this is optional. Once I had decided on which clips to use and the order I started to play around with the colour correction and gave all my clips a purple/blue tint by clicking on the colour correction button and dragging the mouse around the colour wheel. It is important to remember that once an effect has been placed onto a clip that clip must be rendered so it plays smoothly. This can be done easily through selecting a clip and pressing the render button. I also used the transition effects which are effects placed at the end or start of the clip and can help two clips flow together better. This can be done by selecting the ‘\’ button on the key board.
7. Once all the clips have been added, the audio has been put in and it has been edited to how you want you should watch through it to make sure everything goes together well. If you want to watch the final piece at a faster speed so its quicker to view you can hold down the ‘L’ key.
8. Once you are finished it is time to export your final piece. After selecting all your clips and audio and making sure everything is rendered you will go to file then export and when this screen comes up you may want to change the video format. I changed min to ‘1280’ by ‘720’ and this will make sure the video is saved to a good quality and has a high resolution. I also saved mine as a QuickTime Movie and made sure my frame rate was at 25 and the compression type was H.264.
(all screenshots taken from Avid Media Composer)
My Final Edit
Overall I was happy with my edit, however it is very basic and I am looking forward to experimenting more and being able to create more advanced edits. One of the hardest things about editing this video was that the clips we were given were not really in any order so I had to decide where each clip would go and try and make it tell some kind of story. The task has however taught me a lot about the basics of editing and I feel much more confident now about using Avid for editing than when I started. The part I enjoyed the most was using the effect features such as playing my clips in reverse and colour correcting them to make it look more vibrant. I also enjoyed the transition features such as putting a fade effect at the end of each clip so it fades into the next and flows together.
‘The basics of avid media composer for a final cut pro editor’ Scott Simmons (2009) Available at: https://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi7nY6o2qPQAhWIUBQKHd7UD7YQjxwIAw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.provideocoalition.com%2Fthe_basics_of_avid_media_composer_for_a_final_cut_pro_editor%2F&psig=AFQjCNFrarvhKhm00ENthWoPO1Laa5JqZA&ust=1479056856350488 (Accessed: 12 November 2016)
PAL (2016) Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAL (Accessed: 12 November 2016).
University of Advancing Technology (UAT) (2013) Basic avid editing part 1. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GjixiO5-ro (Accessed: 12 November 2016).