Camera related job roles:

Camera AssistantThe role of the Assistant Camera is one of the most skilled jobs on a film crew. They are responsible for focusing and refocusing the camera lens as Actors move within the frame of each shot.

Camera Operator / Cameraman – A camera operator will physically control camera equipment both in the studio and on location for film. It is common for camera operators to first enter the profession as a camera assistant and then progress on to operator .

Cinematographer / Director of CinematographyA cinematographer is known as the head of the camera and lighting crew while working on a film or TV set. They help to visually bring the story to life and can help to give the film a unique and individual identity which is why one of the main skills needed for this job role is creativity.

Ways to become a cameraman:

Internships – An internship is ultimately  unpaid on the job training in the industry. This can help you to gain a great deal of experience, however a camera man internship may be hard to find and you may have to do something else instead, still giving you experience. It will also look great on a CV if you are applying for jobs in the media and they know you have past experience.

Apprenticeships – An apprenticeship is very similar to an internship, however in this case the experience is usually paid traineeship so not only do you get paid work but you gain on the job training as well. You can also receive a qualification at the end of the apprenticeship and the possibility of the company hiring you at the end.

University – Going to university it always a good idea when wanting to work in a specialist subject as it can help to improve your knowledge and experience on this area. It can also help you to make connections with people that could help you further on in your career.

Camera man project: Roger Deakins

Biography

Roger Deakins is a British cinematographer and is known as the preferred cinematographer for the Coen Brothers and other similar directors such as Sam Mendes and Denis Villeneuve. since a young age he has been interested in painting and photography and studied graphic design at university. He then went on to start his career through filming various documentaries and slowly made his way into Hollywood. he is known to have his own signature cinematic style which generally evolves  a simple lighting design often using only a few light sources and mainly shoots films only using a spherical lens. He recently received the prestigious American Society of Cinematographers Lifetime Achievement Award and has also astoundingly  received twelve nominations for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography

Image result for roger deakins

THE VILLAGE, Roger Deakins, 2004, (c) Buena Vista http://schmoesknow.com/profiles-below-the-line-roger-deakins-director-of-photography/41299/

Roger Deakins filmography:

  • The Shawshank Rdemption
  • No Country for Old Men
  • Skyfall
  • Iscariot
  • A Beautiful Mind
  • Prisoners

Auteur Theory

This is the idea that a certain director is an author of a production as they are the ones that will lead the team. This means that a director’s films will reflect their creative vision, meaning its clear for audiences to tell just from watching one scene who the director is. A film auteur will have a distinctive and unique signature style which defines their films and sets their film apart from others. This idea first came about in France during the late 1940s and became a foundation of the French new wave. An auteur will usually choose their own film crew and actors to suit their style. For example Tim Burton often uses actor Johnny Depp in his films and now he is usually associated with his films and if you saw Johnny Depp in a film with Tim’s style you would immediately know its one of his films. The director will team up with other writers, cinematographers and actors of their choice but the director is always the auteur as they are the ones with control over the creative vision and what the rest of the crew do.

The things the director will have control over are:

  • Writers
  • Lighting
  • Sound
  • Camera
  • Editors
  • Actors

Example of film auteur: David Fincher 

David Fincher has proven his film auteur status through his unique filmography including Fight Club, Se7en, Gone Girl, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and The Social Network. His trademark style includes subtle flashes of images, fluid camera tracking, the use of flashbacks to show back stories and silhouettes to keep characters in the shadows – hiding their identity. He also uses a very unique colour palette using low lighting and a green or blue tinted colour temperature which reflects the atmosphere of his films though suggesting things are not what they seem. One way he shows his distinctive style in his films are his unique credits which usually involve a slide show or downwards scroll and are not like typical film credits. Something else Fincher is well known for is his frequent casting of Brad Pitt in his films, for example Fight Club (1999), (Se7en (1995), and The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008).

Image result for david fincher films

‘Top 10 David Fincher Films’ (2014) R.Pratt http://listafterlist.com/top-10-david-fincher-films/

Harvard reference

http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/roger-deakins-7322.php

http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/cinematographer1.htm – john slater (2016)

http://www.cinelinx.com/movie-stuff/item/6492-directors-trademarks-david-fincher.html. G.S Perno (2014)

https://www.britannica.com/art/auteur-theory – The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica  (2016)

‘Top 10 David Fincher Films’ (2014) R.Pratt http://listafterlist.com/top-10-david-fincher-films/

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