Part 1: White Balance
White Balance is ultimately balancing the colour on an image. The White Balance setting you choose will change the colour balance in your pictures, making it warmer or cooler depending on how the sort of light you’re shooting in affects things such as whether you’re inside or outside.
What is colour temperature?
Colour temperature is the adjustment of the intensities of colours and is used to change the overall mixture of colours in an image for a general colour correction.
‘Lens Vids’ SLR Lounge (2013)
The different balance options that we tested during our practical task were:
For out task we had to take six photos of a lighted subject, each time changing the white balance to a new setting in order for us to see the difference white balance can have on the same photo. We tested this on three different lighting varieties including interior light, exterior light and exterior with interior light to see if the overall lighting affected the white balance of a photo.
Exterior – Auto
Exterior – Daylight
Exterior – Shade
Exterior – Tungsten
Exterior – Florescent
Interior With Exterior Light
Interior with exterior – Auto
Interior with exterior – Daylight
Interior with exterior – Shade
Interior with exterior – Cloudy
Interior with exterior – Tungsten
Interior with exterior – Florescent
Interior – Auto
Interior – Daylight
Interior – Shade
Interior – Cloudy
Interior – Tungsten
Interior – Florescent
From this task I found that the exterior with interior light shots were the clearest in showing the difference of each setting, probably because these shots had the most lighting and it was therefore clearer to tell the difference. The setting I found best balanced the lighting in the exterior shots was the daylight option as the colours looked very natural and were the closest to how the picture looked in real life. However, the setting that best balanced the light in the interior shots I believe was the florescent option as this made the shot look the brightest and clearest and the most white toned which allowed the lighting to look natural. One thing I noticed from taking the pictures on the tungsten option was that it often made the pictures very blue toned which made some of the images look unnatural.
3 Point Lighting
What is light?
Light can be described as the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible.
What is 3 point lighting?
Three Point Lighting is a Technique used in visual media such as video, film and still photography and forms the basis of most lighting. The technique uses three lights called the key light, fill light and back light.
Key light – This usually acts as the main light and has the most influence on the lighting of a scene. It is placed to either the left or right hand side of the subject so that one side becomes well lit and it creates a shadow on the other side.
Fill Light – This light will usually be placed on the opposite side of the key light and can be used to fill in any shadows created by the main light. This can be used to obtain a softer and less bright light by placing is further away than the key light.
Back Light – This light will be placed behind the subject and rather than creating a direct light, it will light it from behind and will help to separate the subject from the background – providing a three dimensional look.
Our overall task was to take photos using a reflector both inside and outside, each time changing the reflector option from gold to white to test the difference each colour makes on the lighting of the photo.
Practical Task – Outside Gold Shots
Outside – Gold – Below
Outside – Gold – Side
Outside – Gold – Above
Practical Task – Outside White Shots
White – Outside- Above
White – Outside – Side
White – Outside – Below
Inside Gold Shots
Below – Gold – Inside
Above – Gold – Inside
Side – Gold – Inside
Side – White – Inside
Below – White – Inside
Above – White – Inside
Overall, the gold surface made more of a difference on the lighting and shadows created than the white option as you can see from the photos below where you can clearly see a gold tint on the subject’s face. The pictures taken outside were much clearer with better lighting than the outside photos showing that natural lighting can be more effective for three point lighting than indoor lighting. I also think it was harder to tell the difference of each shot type (above, behind or side) from the indoor pictures which suggests that our subject was not effectively placed and she may have been too centred on the light. f I was to re-do this task I would have placed her more to the side of the light so that the lighting reflections were clearer and it created better shadowing.
‘Lens Vids’ (2013) https://lensvid.com/tag/slrlounge/ – Last Accessed 29/09/16
‘6 Tips to Understanding White Balance and Colour Temperature ‘ SLR Lounge (2015)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ewW8DW03aNc – Last Accessed 29/09/16