Framing is the presentation of visual elements in an image and the placement of the subject in relation to other objects. Framing can make an image more aesthetically pleasing and keep the viewer’s focus on the framed object. Some framing techniques that we have looked at include:

Rule of thirds

This shot shows the main subject to be placed on the left or right hand side of the shot and by doing this it reinforces the space in front of them. In this example from the film Se7en, by creating space in front of him it emphasises the fact that he is thinking and has a hard decision to make.

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‘Halcyon Realms’ (2014)

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Leading Lines

This shot uses natural lines within the frame to draw the viewers attention to what they want you to look at. In this example from the film ‘Vertigo’, the natural lines of the hall way lead our focus to the character who has just left the man she loves and emphasis her walking out of his life.

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‘The film spectrum’ (2016)

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This shot is used to show something having a mirror image of itself and can be used to make a shot more visually pleasing for a viewer. In this example from the film ‘The Parent Trap’ the symmetry of the bedroom and dog emphasise the characters being twins.

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‘Hooked on houses’ (2016)

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This composition type is used to show there is something going on in the background. Although in this still from ‘Pulp Fiction’ the man in the background is not in focus, it is still important that he is in the shot to show the characters meeting for the first time and the fact that is not in focus creates tension and mystery.

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‘Cinema Shock’ (2013) – last accessed 26/09/16

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Natural Framing

This type of composition is when the environment can be used for framing. In this example from the film ‘127 Hours’  the rocks surrounding the character leads our focus to him as he has become centred by the natural background.

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‘And so it begins’ (2014)

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Depth of field

This type of composition is used when different areas of the shot are in focus. In this example from the film ‘The Incredibles’ although the female character is the main focus, you can still see the background and the two children talking to each other which is important to the scene.

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‘Flooby Nooby’ (2014)


Composition is the arrangement of visual elements in a work of art. The term ultimately means ‘putting together’ and in photography represents the way things are placed in the photo. For our practical task we were asked to take a range of different photos to show how much composition can affect an image. We took a photo to represent each of the main techniques:

ES – Establishing Shot

This shot is used to communication the location to the audience and allow them to find out where the story will be taking place.


ECU – Extreme Close Up 

This shot is used to help to put emphasis on something you want to audience to focus on and can often be used for dramatic impact. In this example the ECU allows us to see a close up view of her eyes which shows us she is thinking as her eyes are looking up.



CU – Close Up

This shot allows us to completely focus on something, but not as or intensely or as detailed as an ECU. In this example it allows us to clearly see her facial expressions and emotions which present her to be calm and contemplating.


MCU – Medium Close Up

This shot starts to show a wider view of the picture and if the shot is of a person would cut off along the chest of the person and what differentiates it from a close up is that it shows her shoulders.



MS – Mid Shot

This helps us to focus more on body language and we move away from the focus just being on her face. In this example we start to see what she is holding and we can gain more information on her overall appearance


LS – Long Shot

In this we are able to see the whole body of the character along with the surroundings. This helps us to gain a full detailed understanding of their appearance, body language, emotions and location.



LAS – Low Angle Shot   

This angle is used to help the subject to look superior or make the audience look weak. If there were two characters talking a HAS may be used to make one seem dominant over the other.


HAS – High Angle Shot

This shot is used to make the subject look weak and seem smaller or less important to the audience. In this example it creates the effect that someone is looking down on the character and that she is inferior.


OA – Obscure Angle

This shot creates an off balanced feeling and may lead the audience to seem confused by what the angle is showing. In this example the angle seemed skewed and as she is laying down it may lead a viewer to believe something is wrong.


Photos taken myself on 19/09/16

Harvard Reference

‘Cinema Shock’ (2013) – last accessed 26/09/16

‘Halcyon Realms’ (2014) – last accessed 26/09/2016

‘Hooked on houses’ (2016) – last accessed 26/09/2016

‘And so it begins’ (2014) – last accessed 26/09/16

‘Flooby Nooby’ (2014) – last accessed 26/09/16

‘The film spectrum’ (2016) – Last accessed 26/09/2016

‘Elements of Cinema’ Moura. G (2014)